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Eid celebration at Houses Not Reduce Essence of Worship


By: Muhammad Yasin)*

Eid al-Adha celebrations during the Covid-19 pandemic require every citizen to be able to worship from home. Although carried out of the house, a series of activities I dul Adha it did not reduce the essence of worship.

The surge in cases of transmission of course, makes a lot of community activities restricted, President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has memerint ah kan told his staff to keep the feast of Eid al-Adha that lasts solemn but still in accordance with the health protocols.

Minister of Religion Yaqut Cholil Qoumas has asked the public so that the takbiran and Eid al-Adha prayers in the emergency PPKM area can be carried out at their respective homes. Outside the emergency PPKM and not including the red zone and orange zone, the night of takbiran and Eid al-Adha prayers can be carried out after fulfilling the provisions as stipulated in circular letter Number 16 of 2021.

              Meanwhile, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) also invites Muslims to celebrate Eid al-Adha at home and maintain strict health protocols. Yaqut said the elimination of worship in places of worship in the emergency PPKM area is an absolute must. Because we know that the Covid-19 pandemic really has to be overcome together with good cooperation between the government and the religious community.

              PBNU has also asked the public not to hold Eid al-Adha prayers at the mosque in the Emergency PPKM area. Takbiran is also done at home with their families. This is also stated in the PBNU Circular (SE) regarding Emergency PPKM and the Implementation of Eid al-Adha Prayers.

The chairman of the PP Muhammadiyah Tajrih and Tajdid Council, Syamsul Anwar, in the 131st edition of the Muhammadiyah Tarjih Study which was monitored online in Jakarta, said that his fatwa would be similar to last year’s (2020), namely not recommending Eid Prayers in the field or in mosques. So pray at home. So this is in accordance with the principle of convenience, does not cause harm in religion.

              He emphasized that the fatwa on eliminating the Eid prayer in the field was not only within Muhammadiyah, but also in Dar al-Ifta in Egypt. Because the law of Eid prayer is a sunnah muakadah and is not at all part of the obligatory prayer. So there won’t be any consequences for those who leave it, just forfeit the sunnah reward.              

              Syamsul also said, because Covid-19 is currently showing signs of improvement, the Tarjih Assembly will issue a fatwa not to recommend Eid al-Adha prayers in the field, but to do it at home. So, this fatwa will be stricter than the previous fatwa regarding Eid Prayer.

              In line with PBNU, General Chairperson of PP Muhammadiyah Haedar Nashir has also appealed to the public not to pray Eid al – Adha in mosques or in the field during the Covid-19 pandemic.

              On different occasions, DPP LDII expressed its support for government policies through the Ministry of Religion, which regulates the technical implementation of qurbani. Chairman of the DPP LDII KH Chriswant o Santoso said Eid al-Adha and sacrifice are one of the three worships that are prioritized. However, in the current state of the Covid-19 pandemic, the public good must be put first.

              According to Chriswanto, people living in the red zone in the emergency PPKM area should obey the government’s advice for the public good. He also believes that taking care of each other during the plague, is a worship that has great rewards. Because this includes jihad in fighting disease outbreaks.

              He reminded that the second wave of the COVID-19 outbreak was due to a virus mutation that was more contagious and also more dangerous. Thus, the government regulates that there will be no crowds during the Eid al-Adha prayers and the slaughter of sacrificial animals, which are carried out at Slaughterhouses (RPH).             

              Chr Iswanto said that everything was for the common good to suppress the Covid-19 outbreak. He emphasized that Muslims have an obligation to fight against COVID-19, one of which is by following a circular from the ministry of religion. His party will also make a circular letter to strengthen the appeal of the Ministry of Religion and DPW and DPD to be forwarded to branch leaders (PC) and Sub-Branch Leaders (PAC).

              On a different occasion, Dr. Ardito Binadi as an economist from the Yogyakarta Veterans State Development University said, I dul Adha or the feast of sacrifice, has more value during the Covid-19 pandemic.

              Celebrating Eid al-Adha at home, of course, will not reduce the essence of worship, because after all preventing transmission is something that should be done in a disciplined manner .

)* The author is a citizen living in Bogor

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