By: Raavi Ramadhan) *
The DPR has passed the Ciptaker Law as a breakthrough to increase investment opportunities. The formulation of these policies has been carried out according to regulations and has absorbed the aspirations of many parties.
It seems that the formulation of the Job Creation Bill has been done for a long time. Even the regulations that are included in one of the omnibus law clusters have been discussed since Muhaimin Iskandar the minister of manpower.
When the Minister of Manpower was held by Muhaimin, his party had been vigorous in planning to amend Law 13 of 2003 concerning Manpower.
Chairperson of the Indonesian Employers’ Association (Apindo) Haryadi Sukamdani said that in the second term of President Joko Widodo, the plan to revise law 13 of 2003 was refined in line with the emergence of the omnibus law.
The new regulation is designed to regulate or improve not only labor issues, but also 10 other clusters or sectors in Indonesia.
Haryadi is of the opinion, Law 13 concerning Manpower needs to be revised. Because after 17 years of the Manpower Law, the absorption of labor has actually decreased.
Of course this is inversely proportional to the growth rate of the new workforce, which each year has grown to more than 2 million people per year.
On October 5, the Deputy Speaker of the Indonesian House of Representatives, Azis Syamsuddin, knocked the hammer as a sign of the passage of the Omnibus Law on the Job Creation Law, after obtaining approval from the majority of meeting participants.
Chairman of the Legislation Body (Baleg) DPR Supratman Andi Agtas explained that the Job Creation Bill had been discussed in 64 meetings from April 20 to October 3, 2020. The Job Creation Bill consists of 15 chapters and 174 articles.
Meanwhile, one of the issues raised by those who refuse the ratification of the Job Creation Law is the issue related to the ease with which foreign workers enter Indonesia.
However, this was denied by the Minister of Manpower Ida Fauziyah, who explained that the Job Creation Law also regulates regulations on foreign workers (TKA).
He also denied the opinion that the Job Creation Law was a red carpet for foreign workers to work in Indonesia. In fact, the Law tightens the use of foreign workers compared to the Manpower Law Number 13 of 2003.
In his socialization, he said, foreign workers could be employed in Indonesia only in a working relationship for a certain position and for a certain time, and had the competence according to the position occupied.
According to Ida, not all positions can be occupied by foreign workers. He ensured that TKA would only work in certain positions within a certain time limit.
The issue that arose also concerning wages was of course one of the disinformations that ignited the emotions of the demonstration participants.
Ida also emphasized that the Job Creation Bill had been drafted in a tripartite manner and in accordance with the agreement between the parties involved between the government, laborers and employers.
The government has also deepened the formulation of labor clusters involving employers (APINDO) with representatives of trade unions / labor unions confederations.
The Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Airlangga Hartarto, again clarified various information related to the Job Creation Law (UU), such as the regulation regarding minimum wages.
Airlangga ensured that the minimum wage was fixed and did not change, both for the provincial minimum wage and the regency or city regional minimum wage.
The Regency or City Minimum Wage (UMK) is said to be higher than the Provincial Minimum Wage (UMP) and is determined by the governor.
So that the UMP becomes the minimum UMK limit. Employers are also prohibited from paying wages lower than the previous year, as well as after the Job Creation Law, where wages cannot be lower than the previous year.
Airlangga also responded to the issue of a certain time worker who can continue to work. He stated that certain time workers do not apply for permanent work. Where a certain time worker only applies to jobs that require a short time to complete.
Furthermore, Airlangga considered that the Job Creation Law was very important to answer the problem of job creation. Based on the data he has, there are around 6.9 million unemployed and 3.5 million workers affected by the Covid-19 Pandemic, where 2.1 million employees were laid off and 1.4 million employees laid off. The Job Creation Law that has been passed is certainly expected to be the savior of the Indonesian economy which is currently being hit by the Covid-19 pandemic.
) * The author is active in the Cikini Press and Student Circle