Appreciating the Sustainability of IKN Development
By: Melinda Prameswari*
The sustainability of the development of the Capital of the Archipelago (IKN) is something that deserves appreciation. Because the sustainability of IKN development is clear evidence of the government’s commitment to creating a new capital city for Indonesia which will become a symbol of national identity, as well as become an economic driver in the future.
The Annual Session of the MPR and the Joint Session of the DPR and DPD which were held on Tuesday, August 16, 2022, featured the annual speech of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi). This annual speech from President Jokowi contains reports on the performance of state institutions, the condition of the State Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBN), as well as increasing international trust in Indonesia. Not forgetting to be an important point in President Jokowi’s speech about maintaining the sustainability of IKN development.
President Jokowi explained that the sustainability of IKN development is not only for the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) who work there, but also for innovators and entrepreneurs. IKN should not only contain government offices, but will also become the driving force of the new economy. IKN will also become a jungle city with world-class education and health services. The President emphasized that the Central Government Core Area in IKN was indeed built by the APBN, but the remaining 80% was investment and participation from the private sector.
Head of the Presidential Secretariat (Kasetpres) Heru Budi Hartono explained that President Jokowi plans to carry out initial construction or groundbreaking or laying the first stone for the Presidential Palace I at IKN, North Penajem Paser, East Kalimantan at the end of August. The President’s arrival is a signal that IKN construction has begun and its construction will continue in East Kalimantan.
Head of the IKN Authority, Bambang Susantono, said that IKN development is not only limited to building the physical city. Building IKN is about how to build social cohesion, interaction between its citizens, how a city can become a livable, humanist, and liveable city. Therefore, careful planning in the development of IKN is very important, because IKN is the identity of Indonesia in the future.
Bambang added that the IKN development project has begun in the pre-construction stage. The pre-construction stage is the stage of activity before development activities are carried out. At this stage the activities carried out include preliminary survey activities and land acquisition activities, if land is not yet available for development activities. Especially for IKN development, logistical access is currently being prepared to bring construction materials, repairs in various places, to the maturation of the land where the building will be built.
Development in IKN will adjust to hilly areas and topography in the IKN area. In addition, the availability of clean water is also a consideration in building IKN. Currently, water supply at IKN will come from two sources. The supply of water from these two sources is predicted to be sufficient to supply the needs of the IKN population until 2025.
The Minister of Public Works and Public Housing, Basuki Hadimuljono said that the construction of the IKN Central Government Core Area (KIPP) phase I will be completed in 2024. The first phase of KIPP is the construction of basic infrastructure such as the state palace, vice presidential palace, office buildings, national roads, toll roads, drainage to sanitation and water resources. Phase I construction will begin in September 2022, after the groundbreaking of President Jokowi.
For information, IKN consists of several regions. The National Strategic Area (KSN) of IKN has an area of 256,142 ha. KSN is divided into two areas, namely the IKN development area and the IKN area. The IKN development area has an area of 199,962 ha. The IKN area has an area of 56,180 ha, including an area of 6,596 ha which is the core area of the government center. The IKN area has a target population of 320 thousand people.
This IKN area is designed according to natural conditions, where more than 75% of the green area will fill the government area in IKN. The IKN area also applies the principle of Unity in Diversity in its development. This will be reflected in the 100% integration of the population, both local residents and immigrants.
The IKN area will be actively connected to each other and easily accessible. This is in accordance with the plan that 80% of trips in IKN will use public transportation or active mobility. In IKN, important facilities and public transportation nodes will only be 10 minutes apart, and it is projected that in 2030 it will only take less than 50 minutes to travel from the Central Government Core Area to the Strategic Airport.
IKN will also become a city with low carbon emissions. This is because ins