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The Relocation of the National Capital Absorbs Public Aspirations and Through Studies

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By: Kurnia Password )*

The government under President Joko Widodo has proven to be serious in planning the relocation of the National Capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan. The relocation of the National Capital has also listened to public aspirations and went through a comprehensive study.

The plan to move the capital city is certainly not without public aspirations. Isran Noor as the Governor of East Kalimantan said that the people around the location of the new state capital would be disappointed if the plan for the relocation was not realized.

This was conveyed by Isran after listening to the aspirations of the people around the location of the State Capital with the Minister of National Development Planning (PPN) Suharso Monoarfa. He firmly said that the community fully supports the relocation of the National Capital.

Isran said that the community in principle gave full support so that the development of the National Capital could be realized immediately. Meanwhile, the Minister of National Development Planning/Head of Bappenas, Suharso, said that the central government would succeed in moving the state capital to East Kalimantan.

This is because it will trigger economic growth and equitable development. Because that is the direction of the central government’s policy in Kalimantan, when it was determined that East Kalimantan would be a candidate for the State Capital. To support all of this, of course, a growth and equity strategy is needed.

Not only that, Suharso also ensured that the central government would remain committed to maintaining the forests in Kalimantan as the lungs of the world.

We need to know that the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) has completed a strategic environmental study (KLHS) for the new State Capital area which covers 256,000 hectares in East Kalimantan.

The government and other related parties will use the results of the environmental study as the basis for carrying out sustainable development in the new State Capital area.

Laksmi Wijayani as the Inspector General of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry said that the study had reached 256,000 hectares. It’s actually more than that. The name of the concept of a city as a growth center causes it to also conduct a study on its satellite city (Satellite City).

The location chosen as the study target is in Sepaku District, North Penajam Passer Regency, East Kalimantan. With the concept of forest city or bush capital (the capital city of the country located in a forest area).

Laksmi said that since September 2019 the KLKH team has conducted an ecological as well as economic, social and cultural study in the Sepaku sub-district in North Penajam Paser Regency.

The government targets that by 2024, the capital city of Indonesia will have moved to a new capital located in parts of North Penajam Paser Regency and parts of Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan.

It is estimated that the construction cost of the new capital will reach Rp 466 trillion, of which 19 percent will come from the APBN and the rest will come from PPPs (Government Cooperation with Business Entities) as well as direct investment from the private sector and SOEs.

The contours of the location of the New Capital City are hilly, because it is a former industrial plantation forest covering an area of ​​256 thousand hectares plus a reserve area so that the total reaches 410 thousand hectares with a core area of ​​56 thousand hectares.

Later, the new capital city will be divided into a number of clusters, namely a government cluster covering an area of ​​5,600 hectares, a health cluster, an education cluster and a research and technology cluster.

The Head of the Research, Development and Innovation Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Agus Justianto, said that based on the Meratus Production Forest Management Unit’s Long-Term Forest Management Plan, the new National Capital arena is located in a certain area with the Community Empowerment Production Forest block.

LIPI historian Asvi Warman Adam argues, If the capital city is moved later, Indonesia will write gold ink in Indonesian political history. Where Indonesia will make a new capital city, not the capital of colonial heritage.

Moving the capital city to Kalimantan is a wise solution to reduce problems in Jakarta, such as traffic jams. In addition, there are many other problems, such as population size, to land subsidence which results in flooding.

In building a capital city, of course, requires a good work ethic, such as the absorption of public aspirations and studies. This proves that the relocation of the state capital can have a good impact on the surrounding community.

)* The author is a contributor to the Press Circle and Cikini Students

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