The Job Creation Law Can Cause a Shortage of Workers
By: Emrus Sihombing
Postgraduate Lecturer at Pelita Harapan University
Is it necessary to demonstrate support for the Job Creation Law (UU Ciptaker)? The answer is very necessary. Not only do demonstrations against the Ciptaker Law always occur, but demonstrations in support of the Ciptaker Law are also necessary as a right guaranteed by the law. This is because the contents of the Ciptaker Law are oriented towards the welfare of the Indonesian people in general. Even the implementation of the Ciptaker Law can have an impact on Indonesia experiencing a shortage of workers in all fields and levels of business/business, one of the reasons is the migration of Indonesian citizens from applicants or workers to accepting workers or business owners/entrepreneurs.
The Ciptaker Law has become a legal reality after going through the political reality. When political reality went through a process of externalization in the public space, various groups expressed their thoughts in the form of their own subjective views and judgments on all matters related to the Ciptaker Bill. The flow of political communication from political input (support and rejection) to producing political output in the form of the Ciptaker Law goes according to each cognition map as a manifestation of the political interests of participants in political communication in the public space. The process of political communication takes place dynamically without political obstruction from the state. Everyone can give an opinion that is directed at anyone related to the Ciptaker Bill, so that input and criticism from various groups color the contents of the Ciptaker Law.
Every political output, one of them, in the form of a law such as the Ciptaker Law was formulated and then ratified by the DPR-RI and signed by the President through philosophical studies, public discourse and benefits for all citizens of the Republic of Indonesia. It could be true that there are certain articles in a law that do not fulfill the interests of a group of people or a certain social actor. Therefore, every law made by the state is difficult to fulfill all the wishes/desires of each individual, especially since these social/political actors position themselves always agree to disagree with government programs and or ideas and or policies.
As a positive legal reality in our country, the Ciptaker Law, in my opinion, as I have also conveyed in the mainstream media in this country, the Ciptaker Law is able to build new optimism in employment and significant economic growth in Indonesia going forward, of course since the Ciptaker Law really implemented without significant interruption. Even better, this law is also able to build legal certainty, including the imposition of measurable sanctions.
When examined carefully, the contents of the Citapker Law are laden with ease of business licensing, thus creating opportunities for the emergence and growth of the number and various fields of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises known as MSMEs. The procedures and bureaucratic flow of setting up a business sector is very, very simple. The establishment of a Limited Company (PT), for example, can only be done by one person or referred to as an “individual PT”. In addition, the number of members forming cooperatives as a business sector for advancing the people’s economy has been greatly reduced, not as much as before the birth of the Ciptaker Law. MSME capital assistance from the government is one of the main focuses in the Ciptaker Law.
With the Ciptaker Law, the business climate in the country is in favor of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Micro Enterprises are able to develop into Small Businesses. Meanwhile, Small Businesses move to become Medium Enterprises which in turn, Medium Enterprises advance to become Big Businesses. As a result of this, new Micro Enterprises have sprung up. And so on.
The consequence of the development of changing business levels from Micro Enterprises to Big Businesses in various business fields, is not only being able to absorb more workers in various fields of skills and talents, but also being able to create new jobs. It can even be predicted that Indonesia will have a shortage of manpower if all components of the nation support and implement the Ciptaker Law, compared to before the Ciptakler Law. The implementation of the Ciptaker Law can have an impact on Indonesia experiencing a shortage of workers in all fields and levels of business/business, one of the reasons is the migration of Indonesian citizens from applicants or workers to accepting workers or business owners/entrepreneurs. It’s very realistic.
In addition, an increase in the number and fields of business is ensured to be able to build interrelated and integrated business collaborations between Big Businesses, Medium Enterprises, Small Enterprises and Micro Enterprises. Downstreaming of business fields in all sectors will naturally occur in an accelerating manner (acceleration). Thus, the per capita income of all Indonesian people will continue to increase from year to year. Therefore, in my opinion, it is no exaggeration for Indonesia to become one of the world’s extraordinary economic powers in 2035.
The government’s seriousness regarding the Ciptaker Law in favor of socio-economic welfare for all Indonesian people can be seen in the contents of government regulations (PP) and presidential regulations (Perpers) as derivative regulations. A number of these PPs and Presidential Regulations have been prepared by taking into account, accepting and considering all the aspirations of the Indonesian people in at least 11 main areas in the Ciptaker Law, namely: (1) Improving the Investment Ecosystem and Business Activities; (2) Business Licensing; (3) Employment; (4) Ease, Protection and Empowerment of Cooperatives and MSMEs; (5) Ease of Doing Business; (6) Research and Innovation Support; (7) Land Procurement; (8) Economic Zones; (9) Central Government Investment and Acceleration of National Strategic Projects; (10) Government Administration; and (11) Guidance and Supervision and Imposition of Sanctions.