The Government Continues to Accelerate the Provision of IKN Infrastructure
Jakarta – The government continues to accelerate the provision of infrastructure related to the development of the National Archipelago National Park in various ways, until there are three pillars of regulations as legal certainty.
The Government of the Republic of Indonesia (RI) already has plans for the development of the archipelago’s national capital (IKN) which will be located in East Kalimantan starting in 2022 until 2045. It is known that the stages of development have been divided into five stages until it is projected that in 2045, it is predicted that the population in IKN will reach around 1.9 million people.
The first stage will be carried out from 2022 to 2024. In this regard, the Head of the IKN Nusantara Infrastructure Development Implementation Task Force, Danis Sumadilaga explained that in this first stage the focus will indeed be on basic infrastructure development starting from the provision of drinking water, electricity to carrying out waste management.
Furthermore, still regarding the first stage in the development of the National Archipelago’s IKN, he added that later the construction of the main facilities would be carried out, namely offices, the transfer of state civil servants (ASN), and also at this time discussions had begun on how to initiate priority economic sectors. , which in the conversation also touched on issues related to the use of new, renewable energy (EBT).
In this first stage, the occupation that will move to IKN Nusantara in East Kalimantan will start with ASNs and their families, as well as various other professions. Danis Sumadilaga also explained that there had been a projection of the IKN population, which was predicted to reach as many as 488,409 people.
Then in the second phase the construction of the IKN itself will be carried out in 2025 to 2029. At this stage, the Head of the IKN Nusantara Infrastructure Development Implementation Task Force said that the focus of development would be on core areas such as public transportation facilities, both primary and secondary.
Furthermore, there will also be area expansion, research and talent development as well as the existence of a leading university as well as further construction and maintenance of other basic infrastructure.
In the third phase of the IKN development, it will be carried out from 2023 to 2034. According to Danis, that year it will be targeted to develop industrial areas and other sectors such as the development of integrated utilities, namely the construction of the Balikpapan Airport access railway to the Central Government Core Area (KIPP). Then there is a continuation of the transfer of TNI and Polri personnel to increase investment and production capacity of the economic cluster.
The period from 2035 to 2039 will be the fourth stage in the development of IKN, which is focused on infrastructure and ecosystems in 3 (three) cities to accelerate Kalimantan’s development with coverage on the development of health education midwives. Then there will also be a strengthening of the social-cultural resilience of the community as well as an increase in the capacity of educational and research institutions. There will also be additions to basic infrastructure capacity in line with population growth and capacity building as well as cluster diversification.
For the final stage, the construction of the IKN will be carried out in 2040 to 2045 with a development focus on the development of road-based mass public transportation such as trains (KA) in the IKN and also the surrounding areas, in addition to strengthening infrastructure and other integrated utilities.
Related to this, Ervan Masbanjar, East Kalimantan Dayak Community Leader at North Penajam Paser (PPU), said he welcomed the existence of IKN Nusantara in Sepaku, PPU, because it would provide job opportunities and increase the economy for the welfare of the people of East Kalimantan. He assessed that as a community, PPU East Kalimantan would be determined together with other communities to oversee the development of the National Archipelagic Sciences so that it would soon materialize and bring Indonesia to be even more advanced.
With a whole series of planning for the stages of development at IKN Nusantara, the government continues to strive to encourage acceleration with various steps. In this regard, the Ministry of Finance (Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia), the Ministry of National Development Planning (PPN)/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) and the Policy Institute for the Procurement of Goods and Services (LKPP) conducted socialization on 3 (three) implementing regulations of Government Regulation Number 17 Year 2022.
In the three regulations related to efforts to accelerate development and provision of IKN infrastructure, the first is the Minister of Finance Regulation (PMK) Number 220 of 2022 concerning Government Support for Government Cooperation with Business Entities and Creative Financing.
The second regulation as a step to accelerate the development of IKN is with the Regulation of the Minister of National Development Planning/Head of Bappenas Number 6 of 2022 concerning Procedures for Implementing Cooperation between the Government and Business Entities in the Capital City of the Archipelago.
Then the third regulation is the Regulation of the Government Goods/Services Procurement Policy Agency Number 1 of 2023 concerning Procedures for Procurement of Business Entities through Government Cooperation with Business Entities in the Capital City of the Archipelago. Indeed, the provision of infrastructure is very, very important in this IKN Nusantara development project. Therefore, in order to be able to achieve the development of the IKN in accordance with the targets and stages that have been planned, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia continues to strive to accelerate it with various steps and regulations as legal certainty.