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Maintain a Conducive Situation in the First Session of the 2024 Election Dispute

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The Constitutional Court (MK) will hold the first trial of the 2024 General Election Dispute (Pemilu) on March 27 2024. During the trial period, all elements of society are required to always maintain a conducive situation and be alert to provocations that could trigger the disintegration of the nation.

Elections are an important milestone in every sovereign country because they reflect the democratic maturity of a nation. Meanwhile in Indonesia, the 2024 General Election has been completed along with the determination of the winner of the 2024 Election. However, there is a number of dissatisfaction from several parties regarding the results, so the Constitutional Court must adjudicate the 2024 Election dispute.

During the session, all components of society were invited to always maintain peace and conduciveness. Because provocation and mass movements will only create chaos and disintegration of the nation.

The importance of maintaining a conducive situation was also conveyed by the Chair of the Bandung Religious Harmony Forum (FKUB), Eri Ridwan Latif. Eri congratulated the candidates who had succeeded in winning seats. However, he also warned of the possibility of disputes that must be resolved legally. A message of patience and togetherness is addressed to those who may be involved in the dispute process, as part of the democratic journey that must be undertaken with full responsibility.

Eri also reminded the importance of Ramadan as an opportunity to increase awareness, patience, honesty and mutual respect. This is an important step in maintaining the integrity of the nation, especially in the midst of post-election political dynamics.

For your information, the Constitutional Court (MK) held its first hearing to resolve the 2024 presidential election dispute on March 27 2024. This followed a lawsuit filed by two pairs of presidential and vice presidential candidates (capres-cawapres), namely pair number 1, Anies Baswedan -Muhaimin Iskandar, and pair number 3, Ganjar Pranowo-Mahfud MD.

Anies-Muhaimin was the first couple to register their lawsuit on the first day of registration, Thursday 21 March 2024, while Ganjar-Mahfud registered their lawsuit on Saturday 23 March 2024. Both couples requested that the presidential and vice presidential candidate pair number 2, Prabowo Subianto-Gibran Rakabuming, disqualified.

For information, the Prabowo-Gibran pair received 96,214,691 votes or around 58.58 percent of all valid national votes, based on the Republic of Indonesia KPU Decree Number 360 of 2024. Meanwhile, the Anies-Muhaimin pair received 40,971,906 votes or around 24, 95 percent, and Ganjar-Mahfud was only able to collect 27,040,878 votes or around 16.47 percent of all valid national votes.

Basically, lawsuits against the Constitutional Court have already occurred, namely in 2004. Apart from that, lawsuits in the 2009, 2014 and 2019 elections have also occurred. Therefore, election lawsuits are a common thing in the journey of democracy in Indonesia, especially after the Reformation

Based on records, in 2004, the Wiranto-Wahid couple registered a lawsuit over the July 5 2004 presidential election dispute with the Constitutional Court. In registering the lawsuit, the presidential-vice presidential candidate pair Wiranto-Wahid submitted 2 demands, namely: canceling the KPU Decree 79/2004 concerning the determination of the vote count results for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates and demanding a recount. Meanwhile, in the 2009 presidential election, Megawati-Prabowo and Jusuf Kalla-Wiranto felt that accept the result that SBY as the incumbent was able to win with a fairly large vote.

Meanwhile, in 2014, Prabowo, who was paired with Hatta Rajasa, submitted a General Election Results Dispute (PHPU) to the Constitutional Court. Not only that, in the 2019 Election, Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Uno officially filed a lawsuit regarding the 2019 General Election Results Dispute (PHPU) to the Constitutional Court (MK), on Friday 24 May 2019.

In the midst of the current 2024 election dispute trial period, it is important to maintain stability and ensure the smooth running of the democratic process. This is because a country’s democratic maturity is reflected in the way that country handles election disputes and maintains a conducive situation during election dispute trials. Apart from that, a conducive situation is also key in preventing potential conflicts that could harm the wider community. By maintaining a conducive situation, disputing parties can find peaceful ways to resolve their differences of opinion, avoiding escalation into conflicts that can damage social stability and harmony.

The first trial of the 2024 presidential election dispute is the starting point for the resolution process that the public has been waiting for. The hope is that this process can be carried out transparently, fairly, and produce decisions that comply with applicable legal provisions.

All parties are expected to respect the ongoing legal process and as citizens who are aware of the law, we are all expected to be able to follow the development of this legal process wisely, and be relieved to accept the decisions that will be taken by the Constitutional Court. Because in the end, the most important thing is to maintain the integrity of democracy and the sovereignty of the people. No less important, it is time for society to unite again after the election in order to create a prosperous and prosperous Indonesia.

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